Tertiary activities refer to the sector of the economy that provides services to consumers and other businesses.
This sector includes a wide variety of activities such as retail trade, banking, health care, education, tourism and hospitality.
Tertiary economic activities have become increasingly important in many developed economies, accounting for a significant share of GDP and employment.
Growth in this sector has been driven by factors such as rising incomes, changing consumer preferences and technological advances.
This sector can have a major impact on economic growth, employment and consumer welfare, and understanding its dynamics and trends can provide valuable insights for policymakers and businesses.
Accommodation services: room reservations, check-in and check-out, room service and housekeeping.
Food and beverage services: restaurants, bars, room service, banquets, buffets.
Meeting and event services: meeting rooms, audiovisual equipment.
Concierge services: transportation reservations, tour arrangements, local recommendations.
Spa and wellness services: massages, facials, fitness classes, swimming pools.
Executive Services: Printing, photocopying, faxing, secretarial services.
Entertainment Services: Discotheques, Theaters, Golf Courses, Swimming Pools, Game Rooms.
Room Services: Mini Bar, Wi-Fi, Cable TV, Toiletries, Safe.
Retail Services: Gift shops, convenience stores, sundries.
Transportation Services: Shuttle Service, Car Rental, Valet Parking.
24 Hour Front Desk Services: Check-In/Check-Out, Luggage Storage, Wake-Up Call.
Children's services: Babysitting, Children's playgrounds.
Health and Safety Services: First Aid, Security, Fire Safety.
Sustainable and environmental services: energy-efficient lighting, recycling programs, water conservation.
Discover even more about 30 Examples of Primary Economic Activities.
Transportation: airlines, buses, trains, taxis, car rentals.
Lodging: hotels, motels, resorts, vacation rentals, campgrounds.
Guides: guided tours, walking tours, city tours, adventure tours, nature tours.
Travel Planning and Booking: Travel Agencies, Online Booking Platforms, Travel Insurance Providers.
Gastronomy: restaurants, cafés, gastronomy itineraries, cookery courses.
Entertainment and leisure: amusement parks, theme parks, museums, theaters, sporting events, festivals.
Sports and Recreation: Skiing, Surfing, Kayaking, Hiking, Climbing, Ziplining.
Health and wellness: spas, yoga retreats, meditation retreats, wellness clinics.
Culture: Heritage sites, monuments, cultural centers, archaeological sites.
Ecotourism: wildlife sanctuaries, eco-lodges, organic farms, responsible travel options.
Accessories and equipment: luggage, guidebooks, maps, travel apps.
Education and research: academic programs, industry associations, tourism research centers.
Includes companies that provide medical services, such as hospitals and clinics, and social services, such as day care and elder care.
Preventive care: Immunizations, physicals, wellness visits.
Primary care: routine checkups, acute care, chronic disease management, health education.
Specialty care: cardiology, oncology, neurology, pediatrics, dermatology.
Emergency services: urgent care, urgent care clinics, ambulance services.
Rehabilitative: Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy
Mental Health: Therapy, Counseling, Psychiatry, Addiction Treatment.
Home health: nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, medical social services.
Palliative care: pain management, palliative care, emotional and spiritual support for seriously ill patients.
Diagnostics: Laboratory tests, imaging tests, diagnostic procedures.
Surgical services: outpatient and inpatient surgery, anesthesia, pre- and post-operative care.
Dental services: preventive care, routine checkups, restorative services, cosmetic dentistry.
Alternative and complementary health care: acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, phytotherapy.
Health education: health classes, health promotion campaigns, health hotlines.
Patient support: patient advocacy, transportation services, translation services, financial assistance programs.
Discover even more about 80 Examples of Secondary Economic Activities.
A few examples of social assistance services:
Financial assistance programs: cash assistance, food assistance, housing assistance, utility assistance, child care subsidies.
Employment and training services: Job training programs, career counseling, employment assistance, unemployment benefits.
Health Care Programs: Medicaid, Medicare, prescription drug assistance programs.
Child and family services: foster care, adoption services, child protective services, family counseling.
Domestic violence services: shelters, counseling, legal advocacy, crisis hotlines.
Mental Health Services: Counseling, treatment programs, support groups, crisis intervention.
Senior Services: meal delivery, transportation assistance, caregiver support, senior center activities.
Disability services: assistive technology, home modifications, vocational rehabilitation, disability benefits.
Youth Services: After-school programs, mentoring programs, summer camps, recreational activities.
Community development services: affordable housing, small business development, neighborhood revitalization.
Legal services: pro bono legal services, legal aid, legal clinics, conflict resolution services.
Disaster Relief: Emergency shelter, food and water assistance, medical assistance, counseling.
Advocacy and outreach: community organizing, public policy advocacy, public education campaigns, outreach to underserved populations.
Transportation: public transportation subsidies, rideshare programs, transportation for the elderly and disabled.
Includes businesses that provide consulting, accounting, legal, and other professional services to other businesses and individuals.
Legal services: legal advice, contract drafting and review, dispute resolution, litigation.
Accounting and tax services: bookkeeping, financial statement preparation, tax planning and compliance, audits.
Management consulting: business strategy, organizational development, process improvement, change management.
Marketing and advertising: market research, branding, advertising campaigns, digital marketing.
Information Technology: software development, cybersecurity, network design and management, data analytics.
Engineering and Architecture: Building design, project management, environmental assessment, structural engineering.
Financial services: investment advisory, financial planning, wealth management, insurance.
Human Resources: Talent acquisition, benefits administration, performance management, HR consulting.
Public relations: media relations, crisis management, reputation management, event planning.
Translation and interpreting: document translation, interpreting services, localization.
Healthcare Consulting: Healthcare management consulting, process improvement, electronic medical record implementation.
Education and training: teacher training, corporate training, e-learning, educational consulting.
Real estate services: property management, real estate brokerage, appraisal, leasing and rental.
Includes companies that provide banking, insurance, and investment services to individuals and businesses.
Banking services: checking and savings accounts, loans, credit cards, mortgages.
Investments: brokerage services, financial planning, retirement planning, asset management.
Insurance: life insurance, health insurance, auto insurance, property insurance.
Accounting and tax services: bookkeeping, financial statement preparation, tax planning and compliance, audits.
Financial technology: online banking, mobile payments, digital wallets, cryptocurrency trading.
Estate planning and trusts: wills and trusts, asset management, estate planning.
Risk Management: Risk Assessment, Fraud Prevention, Compliance.
Merchant Services: credit card processing, point-of-sale systems, online payment processing.
Trade Finance: Letters of Credit, Invoice Finance, Export Finance.
Corporate Finance: debt and equity financing, mergers and acquisitions.
Wealth management: investment advisory, financial planning, asset management.
Pensions and Retirement: retirement planning, pension plan administration, investment management.
Consumer finance: personal loans, lines of credit, installment loans, payday loans.
Real estate finance: mortgage loans, commercial real estate loans, construction loans, bridge loans.
Includes companies that provide software development, telecommunications, and other technology-related services.
Programming and software development services: web development, mobile application development, desktop application development, software testing.
Cloud Computing: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS).
Networking and Cybersecurity: Network design and installation, network management and monitoring, cybersecurity assessments, penetration testing.
Data Management and Analysis: Data Warehousing, Data Mining, Business Intelligence, Data Visualization.
Internet of Things: sensor installation and management, data analysis and visualization.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Natural language processing (NLP), chatbots, predictive analytics, image and speech recognition.
IT Consulting: IT strategy development, systems analysis and design, project management, IT governance.
Web Design and Development: Website Design, Content Management, E-commerce Development, Search Engine Optimization.
IT Outsourcing: Software Development Outsourcing, IT Infrastructure Outsourcing, Managed Services.
Technical Support and Help Desk: End User Support, IT Troubleshooting, Technical Troubleshooting, Remote Assistance.
Digital Marketing: Search Engine Optimization, Social Media Marketing, Pay Per Click Advertising, Email Marketing.
Cloud Migration and Integration: Assessment, planning and migration to the cloud, integration of cloud-based and on-premises systems.
Database Management Services: Database design and development, database administration, backup and recovery.
Internet and web-related services: domain registration, web hosting, email hosting, content delivery networks.
Internet and broadband services: cable, DSL, fiber, satellite, and wireless broadband.
Mobile telephony: voice and text messaging plans, mobile data plans, international roaming services.
Fixed Telephony: Local and long distance services, caller ID, voicemail, call waiting.
Email and messaging: email hosting, instant messaging, video conferencing.
Video and audio streaming: video on demand, live TV streaming, music streaming, podcasts.
Social networking: Social networking, microblogging, photo and video sharing.
Virtual Private Network (VPN): secure remote access, anonymity, privacy.
Satellite Communications Services: Satellite Phones, Satellite Internet, Satellite TV.
Web and online communications: chat services, forums, blogs, online communities.
Unified communications: voice, video, messaging, and conferencing on a single platform.
Cloud-based communications: cloud phone systems, cloud messaging, and collaboration tools.
Teleconferencing: audio and video conferencing, webinars, virtual events.
Messaging and collaboration: email, instant messaging, project management tools, shared calendars, etc.
Digital signage and display: digital billboards, electronic menus, digital screens for information and advertising.
Includes companies that provide primary, secondary and higher education services, such as schools and universities.
Early childhood education: preschool, kindergarten, daycare.
K-12 education services: elementary, middle and high school education.
Vocational schools: cosmetology, culinary arts, welding, etc.
Higher Education: Colleges, Universities, Graduate Schools.
Adult and Continuing Education: Professional Development Courses, Night Schools, Online Learning Programs.
Test Preparation: SAT and ACT, GRE and GMAT.
Tutoring and Coaching: Individual and group tutoring, academic coaching.
Educational Technology: Learning management systems, e-learning platforms, digital educational content.
Special Education: Services for children with disabilities, individualized education plans.
Language training: English as a Second Language (ESL), foreign language training.
Corporate and business training: employee training and development, leadership training, team-building workshops.
Homeschooling and alternative education services: online and distance learning programs, homeschooling resources.
Student services: counseling, academic advising, career services.
Educational consulting: curriculum development, school management consulting, accreditation consulting.
Includes companies that provide transportation services, such as airlines and shipping lines, and logistics services, such as warehousing and distribution.
Public transportation: buses, trains, subways, light rail, etc.
Air Transportation: Commercial airlines, charter airlines, private air transportation.
Taxi and ridesharing: Uber, Lyft, traditional taxi services.
Car Rental and Car Sharing: Hertz, Enterprise, Zipcar.
Shipping and freight: FedEx, UPS, DHL, Maersk.
Logistics and supply chain management: Inventory management, order fulfillment, distribution services.
Navigation and mapping: GPS systems, mapping applications, navigation systems.
Bicycle and scooter sharing: Lime, Bird, Citi Bike.
Luxury transportation: limousine and chauffeur services, private jets and yachts.
Parking and valet parking: parking lots, valet parking services.
Travel Planning and Booking: Travel Agencies, Online Booking Platforms.
Freight Forwarding and Customs Brokerage: Management and coordination of international shipments and customs procedures.
Tours and excursions: guided tours, tour buses, river cruises.
Emergency Transportation: Ambulance services, air evacuation services.
Transportation: freight forwarding, tracking and tracing, carrier selection.
Warehousing and storage: inventory management, warehousing, picking and packing, cross-docking.
Inventory management: demand forecasting, replenishment, inventory tracking and analysis.
Supply chain management: supplier management, sourcing, order processing and fulfillment.
Customs brokerage: import and export compliance, customs documentation, duty and tax management.
Packaging and labeling: labeling, packaging design, customized packaging solutions.
Delivery: same day, scheduled, white glove.
Reverse logistics: returns management, refurbishment and recycling services.
E-commerce logistics services: online order fulfillment, shipping and returns management.
Cold Chain Logistics Services: Refrigerated transportation and storage, temperature-controlled packaging and labeling.
Hazardous Materials Logistics: Hazardous materials management and handling, regulatory compliance.
Project logistics: management and coordination of complex logistics projects, such as industrial equipment installations and major construction projects.
Cargo Insurance and Risk Management: Management of cargo insurance policies, risk assessment and management.
Consulting and Technology: Logistics consulting, implementation of logistics software and automation tools.
Includes companies that provide essential services such as electricity, water, and gas to homes and businesses.
Emergency: police, fire, ambulance.
Healthcare: public hospitals, clinics, immunization programs.
Public education: public schools, libraries.
Public transportation: buses, trains, subways, light rail.
Environmental services: water treatment, waste management, conservation programs.
Social services: public housing, food assistance programs, job training programs.
Legal services: public defenders, legal aid programs, notary services.
Public safety: crime prevention programs, disaster relief services.
Infrastructure: roads, bridges, utilities such as power and water.
Parks and recreation services: public parks, sports fields, community centers.
Government Administration: Public Records, Taxes, Licenses and Permits.
Public Information: public news agencies, public broadcasting services, websites, and government hotlines.
Community development: public works projects, housing and urban development programs.
Cultural services: museums, art galleries, historic sites, public events and festivals.