80 Examples of Secondary Economic Activities

Mar 04, 2023

Secondary economic activity refers to economic activities that involve the transformation of raw materials and natural resources into finished goods and services that can be sold on the market.

This type of economic activity is characterized by the use of capital, labor and technology to produce goods and services that satisfy the needs and desires of consumers.

Secondary economic activity is a fundamental component of modern economies, creating value and generating employment opportunities for millions of people around the world.

It includes activities such as manufacturing, construction and transportation, among others, and plays a crucial role in driving economic growth and development.

Understanding the concept of Secondary Economic Activity is essential to analyze the dynamics of the economy, identify the challenges and opportunities that arise in the production process and develop policies that promote sustainable economic growth.

Textile Products

Textile products are goods made from various types of fabrics and fibers. Here are some examples of textile products:

1. Clothing: includes various types of clothing, such as shirts, pants, dresses, skirts, jackets, etc.

2. Home textiles: Includes products such as sheets, curtains, blankets, towels, etc.

3. Upholstery: Includes products such as furniture covers, cushions, etc.

4. Accessories: manufacture of scarves, gloves, hats, bags, etc.

5. Textile handicrafts: quilting, embroidery, knitting, crochet, etc.

6. Technical textiles: Includes products such as ropes, filters, insulating materials, etc.

7. Medical textiles: In this category we find bandages, surgical gowns, etc.

8. Automotive textiles: Includes products such as seat covers, carpets, etc.


Footwear products are designed to protect and support the feet. Here are some examples of footwear products:

9. Sports footwear: Running shoes, basketball shoes and other footwear designed for sports and exercise.

10. Casual footwear: Shoes such as moccasins, boat shoes and sneakers, designed for everyday use.

11. Boots: Work boots, hiking boots and fashion boots.

12. Sandals: Includes various types of sandals, such as flip-flops, flip-flops and gladiator sandals.

13. Orthopedic footwear: Includes various types of shoes designed to provide support and comfort for people with foot problems or specific medical conditions.


Chemicals are used in a variety of applications. Here are some examples of chemicals:

14. Plastics: Includes various types of plastics such as polyethylene, polystyrene and PVC, which are used in a wide range of applications such as packaging, construction and electronics.

15. Fertilizers: Includes various types of fertilizers, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compounds, which are used in agriculture to promote plant growth.

16. Pharmaceuticals: Includes various types of medicines, drugs and vaccines used to treat and prevent diseases.

17. Cleaning products: Includes various types of cleaning products such as detergents, soaps and solvents used in domestic, commercial and industrial cleaning applications.

18. Construction industry: concrete admixtures, sealants, adhesive.

19. Adhesives: Includes various types of adhesives such as glues, epoxies and sealants used in bonding and sealing applications.

20. Paints and coatings: Includes various types of paints, varnishes and coatings used in construction, automotive and other applications.

21. Food additives: Includes various types of chemicals such as preservatives, colorants and flavorings that are used in the food industry to improve the taste, appearance and shelf life of food products.

22. Petrochemicals: Includes various types of chemicals such as gasoline, diesel fuel and petroleum-derived lubricants used as fuels and lubricants in the automotive and transportation industries.

23. Cosmetics: personal care products, fragrances, hair dyes.

24. Electronics: semiconductor materials, cleaning products, coatings.

Discover even more about 30 Examples of Primary Economic Activities.

Timber Industry

The wood industry manufactures a wide variety of products. Here are some examples:

25. In construction: It is used as a structural material in framing and as a component in formwork, as well as in flooring, panels and cladding.

26. Furniture: Most furniture is framed with wood; and is often used to create custom furniture, such as cabinets, chairs, tables and beds.

27. Pulp: When a chemical or mechanical process is applied to the cellulose fibers of the wood, a pulp or paste is obtained, which is used for the manufacture of paper in its different qualities.

28. Wood pellets: Small pieces of compressed wood used as fuel for heating and cooking.

29. Wood chips: Small pieces of wood used in landscaping, animal bedding and other applications.

30. Wooden toys and games: Puzzles, blocks and other wooden objects.

31. Wood carvings: These are decorative objects carved in wood, such as figures, bowls and statues.

32. Musical instruments: Many musical instruments are made of wood, such as guitars, violins and pianos.

33. Fuel: It can be burned as wood or charcoal to generate heat and light, or it can be used to power engines or generate electricity.

34. Insulating: The presence of air packets and pores in the cellulose fibers of wood makes it an excellent insulator; therefore, it is used as insulation in walls, floors and ceilings.

Automotive Industry

The automotive industry manufactures a wide variety of products:

35. Cars: Vehicles designed for personal transportation, with a capacity for five or six persons.

36. Commercial vehicles: Include trucks, buses and other vehicles designed for commercial use, such as delivery vans and heavy machinery.

37. Motorcycles: Two-wheeled vehicles designed for personal transportation, sport and other purposes.

38. Off-road vehicles: Include all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), dirt bikes and other vehicles designed for off-road use.

39. Electric vehicles: Include cars, buses and trucks powered by electric motors and batteries.

40. Hybrid vehicles: These are cars and trucks that use electric motors and internal combustion engines to power their vehicles.

41. Automotive parts: Include engines, transmissions, brakes, steering systems and other components used to build and repair vehicles.

42. Tires: Rubber components that provide traction and support to vehicles.

43. Automotive electronics: Include on-board computer systems, entertainment systems and other electronic components used in vehicles.

44. Accessories: Items such as seat covers, floor mats and other accessories used to customize vehicles.

Food and beverage industry

The food and beverage industry produces a wide variety of products, including:

45. Non-alcoholic beverages: These include bottled water, soft drinks, juices, tea, coffee and sports drinks.

46. Alcoholic beverages: These include beer, wine, spirits, whiskey and other alcoholic beverages.

47. Cereals and baked goods: These include bread, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, muffins and other bakery products.

48. Dairy products: These include milk, cheese, yogurt, butter and other dairy products.

49. Meat and poultry: These include beef, pork, chicken, turkey and other types of meat.

50. Seafood products: These include fish, shrimp, crabs, lobsters and other shellfish.

51. Prepared foods: These include canned, frozen and fresh foods that are prepared and packaged for sale in supermarkets and convenience stores.

52. Pet food: This includes food for dogs, cats and other domestic animals.

53. Condiments and sauces: These include ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, soy sauce and other dressings.

54. Confectionery products: These include candies, chocolates, sweets and other sweet products.

Steel Industry

The steel industry produces a wide variety of products, including:

55. Construction materials: Includes steel beams, bars and plates used in the construction of buildings, as well as roofing sheets and materials.

56. Automotive parts: engine components, suspension parts and steel body panels.

57. Transportation infrastructure: Includes bridges, highways and other transportation infrastructure that often rely on steel beams and other structural components.

58. Energy infrastructure: Includes pipelines, wind turbines and other components used in the production and distribution of energy.

59. Household appliances: Includes refrigerators, ovens, dishwashers and other appliances that usually have steel components.

60. Industrial machinery: Includes heavy machinery used in manufacturing, such as cranes, excavators and bulldozers.

61. Weapons and defense systems: Includes military equipment such as tanks, armored vehicles and weapons.

62. Food and beverage containers: Includes cans and other metal containers used to package food and beverages.

63. Consumer goods: Includes a variety of consumer products made from steel, such as furniture, bicycles and jewelry.

64. Tools and hardware: Includes hand tools, power tools and other hardware made of steel.

Find out what happened next: Tertiary Economic Activities: 100 Examples.

Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry produces a wide range of products, including:

65. Medications: Include prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs and generic drugs, which can be used to treat various diseases and conditions.

66. Vaccines: These are biological products that help protect against infectious diseases such as influenza, measles and polio.

67. Medical devices: Include a variety of devices used to diagnose, monitor and treat medical conditions, such as blood glucose monitors, pacemakers and insulin pumps.

68. Diagnostics: Include tests and tools used to diagnose diseases and medical conditions, such as blood tests and imaging tests such as X-rays and MRIs.

69. Biologics: these are complex biological products used to treat various conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, cancer and genetic disorders.

70. Nutritional supplements: These include vitamins, minerals and other supplements that are used to improve overall health and well-being.

71. Personal care products: Include skin care, hair care and other personal care products containing active pharmaceutical ingredients.

72. Animal health products: Include medicines and supplements used to treat and prevent diseases in livestock, pets and other animals.

73. Natural and herbal products: These include natural remedies and herbal supplements, which are used for a variety of purposes, such as improving digestion, boosting the immune system and promoting general health and well-being.

74. Research and development services: The pharmaceutical industry also offers research and development services to develop new drugs and therapies for various medical conditions.


Energy Industry

The energy industry produces a wide variety of products:

75. Petroleum products: Include gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, heating oil and other fuels derived from crude oil.

76. Natural gas: It is a fossil fuel used mainly for heating and electricity generation.

77. Coal: another fossil fuel used mainly to generate electricity.

78. Renewable energy: Includes products such as solar panels, wind turbines and hydroelectric plants, which generate electricity from renewable sources such as sunlight, wind and water.

79. Biofuels: These are fuels derived from renewable biomass sources, such as corn, sugar cane or algae, which can be used as substitutes for gasoline or diesel.

80. Nuclear energy: Consists of the generation of electricity from nuclear reactions in a power plant.

81. Energy storage: Includes products such as batteries and energy storage systems that store energy for use during periods of high demand.

82. Energy-efficient products: Includes products such as energy-efficient light bulbs, appliances and building materials that help reduce energy consumption and costs.

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